Knitting hints and tips

See below for hints and tips on: Acronyms, Buttonholes, Hat measurements, Useful websites, Yarn weight terms translation



I found these on :

FO       finished object      yay!

OTN    on the needles

PHD    project half done

WIP     work in progress

UFO     unfinished object

URO/UO     unrecognised object   (was that a hat I started, or a scarf?)

SSS     second sock syndrome (second sock takes much longer to knit than the first)

TAAT     two at a time – a solution to SSS, also good for sleeves

DPN     double pointed needles

LYS     local yarn store

CAL/KAL    crochet along / knit along

TINK     ‘knit’ backwards – correcting errors

The schachenmayr site also has hundreds of free patterns that you can download without having to sign up or register, although you can do so if you want. It’s heartening to see a business giving something not just for free but also without requiring your data in return.

Buttonholes for a girl or a boy?

If you’re knitting a cardigan and don’t know if it’s for a girl or a boy, make buttonholes on both fronts and then when you know which it should be, sew the button on and close the buttonhole at the same time. This also means you’re more likely to place/space the buttons correctly as long as your buttonholes were in the right place to start off with.

Hat measurements

Here’s a chart that gives circumference and lengths for hats. The length is from the crown of the head to the brim, If you want a turned up brim, add an inch to the length in the child sizes and a couple of inches to the length in teen and adult sizes.

                                      head circumference           hat length 

newborn                     14                                            5

baby 3-12 mths          17-18                                       6-6.5

toddler 1-3 yrs             19                                            7

child 3-10 yrs               20                                             7.5

pre-teen & teen           21                                              8

small adult                   22                                              9

large adult                    23-24                                         9.5


Useful websites is the home of three UK knitting magazines: The Knitter, Simply Knitting and Knit Today. There are free and paid for patterns, tutorials, reviews and loads of other stuff. is a wonderful site for knitters and crocheters with loads of patterns, yarn info and projects you can look at. Read about it here.

Yarn weight translation

Here’s a translation of UK/US terms used for yarn weight or thickness


1 ply Lace Weight

2 ply Fingering

3 ply Sock

4 ply Sport

DK DK/ Light Worsted

Aran Worsted

Chunky Bulky

Super Chunky Super Bulky

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